Getting there by Air
Main international airports:
Cairo International (CAI) - located 24km (15 miles) northeast of the city.
Transportation to and from the airport by bus, taxi or hotel shuttles.
Airport facilities include: incoming and outgoing duty-free shops, bank, foreign exchange office, post office, car rental, travel services.
Borg El Arab (HBE) - located about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Alexandria.
Transportation to and from the airport by Taxi.
Airport facilities include: duty-free shop, bank, foreign exchange office, VIP lounge, post office.
Luxor Airport (LXR) - located 5.5km (3.5 miles) from Luxor.
Transportation to and from the airport by bus or taxi.
Airport facilities include: duty-free shops, bank, foreign exchange office, internet cafe, car rental.
Approximate flight times to Cairo are 4 hours 45 minutes from London, 10 hours 30 minutes from New York.
Getting there by Water
There is a regular car ferry service between Suez and Jeddah, run by the Saudi Sea Transport Company. A fast-ferry and a regular ferry services operate between Nuweiba in South Sinai and Aqaba in Jordan once a day. For trips during the hajii (pilgrimage to Mecca) tickets have to be purchases weeks in advance, otherwise on the day of departure.
Getting there by Bus
Most bus connections to Egypt are from Israel - Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. Buses reach Eilat and after crossing border in Taba, travelers can take a bus to Ciro or into the Sinai. Buses from Taba run only twice or three times a day, so it may be necessary to wait a few hours there (or spend the night in Eilat or Taba).
There are also bus services from Amman (Jordan) to Cairo with the journey time of about 19 hours. Be aware that the route goes through Israel and this may have some consequences if you plan on traveling to some other countries such as Syria, Iran or Libya that may deny your entry on account of your recent presence in Israel.
Getting around by Rail
Most of the trains in Egypt are operated by the state-owned Egyptian National Railways. There are frequent services between Cairo and Alexandria and along the Nile to Luxor and Aswan. Trains to Luxor and Aswan run during the day or overnight and there are 2 types of them - regular and with sleeping compartments; the overnight trains require advance reservation at Ramses Station in Cairo.
Getting around by Bus
The network of long-distance buses in Egypt is pretty good. Buses are operated by many companies, mostly state-owned. Ticket prices and the level of comfort depend on the company (and the buses they use). There are standard buses and "deluxe", much more comfortable, air conditioned that mostly travel between Cairo, Alexandria, Ismailia, Port Said, Suez, St Katherine’s Monastery, Sharm el-Sheikh, Hurghada and Luxor.
Bus tickets can be bought at bus stations or sometimes on the bus, depending on the company. For the popular routes it is advisable to book tickets in advance.
Getting around by Car
There are local and international car rental companies (including Avis, Hertz, Thrifty, Europcar and Budget), with rates pretty much matching international standards.
Age limit for drivers is 25 and an International Driving Permit is required in Egypt to rent a car.
There is an extensive road network in the Nile Valley and Delta, there are paved roads along the coasts (Mediterranean and Red Sea) and from Asyut to Giza. For safety reasons you should avoid driving long distances between cities at night and if you can, avoid driving in Cairo.
Getting around by Air
Daily domestic flights between Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel, Sharm El Sheikh, Assiut and Hurghada are operated by EgypAir.
Fares depend on the season and availability (highest prices between October and April), but in general, they are quite inexpensive.
Getting around by Water
There are regular Nile cruises that sail between Luxor and Aswan and between Cairo and Aswan.
Hurghada is linked with Sharm el-Sheikh in Sinai by regular and fast ferries. The journey on a fast ferry takes 90 minutes.