45,228 sq km (17,413sq mi)
Population (2009 est.):
Capital and largest city (2003 est.):
Tallinn - 379,000
Other larger cities:
Tartu - 100,100; Narva - 66,435; Kohtla-Järve - 45,093; Pärnu - 44,016
Estonian 67% (official), Russian 30%, other (2000)
Ethnicity: Estonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belorussian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2%
Evangelical Lutheran 14%, Russian Orthodox 13%, other Christian 1%, unaffiliated 34%, none 6%
GMT+2; DST: GMT+3, observed from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October
AC 230V/50Hz, European type plugs with two round pins are used
Estonia is a country in Northern Europe, bordered by Latvia to the south, Russia to the east, Gulf of Finland to the north and the Baltic Sea to the west. Estonia also has sea borders with Finland and Sweden.
For a relatively small land area, Estonia has a long coastline (3,794 km / 2,357 mi) that features numerous bays, straits, and inlets. Characteristic for Estonia's coast is also a large number of islands and islets, estimated at around 1,500. The two largest islands are Saaremaa and Hiiumaa.
Estonia's terrain is dominated by lowlands, flat in the north and hilly in the south, with the average elevation of 50 m (164 ft) and the country's highest point being Suur Munamägi at 318 m (1,043 ft). Most of the terrain is covered by forests and wetlands (47.4% accounted for forests, 22% for swamps and bogs); there are also more than 1,000 lakes that make 5% of the country's area.
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