Destinations > Europe > Finland

Finland Facts & Figures

Flag of Finland
Total area: 338,145 sq km (130,558 sq mi)
Population (2009 est.): 5,250,275
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Helsinki - 1,162,900 (metro. area)
Other large cities: Espoo - 229,500; Tampere - 201,200; Vantaa - 189,200; Turku - 178,100
Currency: Euro
Languages: Finnish 92%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 84%, Greek Orthodox 1%, other Christian 1%, none 14%
Time zone: GMT+2; DST: GMT+3 (from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October)
Electricity: AC 230V/50Hz; European plugs with two round pins are the standard

Finland is a country in northern Europe, on the Baltic Sea, bordered by Sweden on the west, Russia on the east, and Norway on the north.

The country is mostly a heavily forested lowland (less than 180 m or 600 ft above sea level), covered with numerous rivers, thousands of lakes and inland islands. In fact, Finland has more islands than any other country in the world - 30,000 off the Baltic Sea coast and 98,000 islands in its lakes.

About 69% of Finland's area is covered by forest, mostly coniferous taiga. Further 10% is underwater, taken by almost 188,000 lakes. From that around 8,000 sq km (3,088 sq miles) are protected areas, constituting country's 35 national parks.

Finland Gallery

Lutheran Cathedral Tuomio kirkko, Helsinki Stone Church (Temppeliaukio kirkko), Helsinki 

There are 2 pictures in our Finland gallery. Click the thumbnail to enter.

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