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Transportation in Italy

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Getting there by Air

Main International Airports

Rome - Fiumicino (FCO) - located 32km (20 miles) southwest of the city. Transportation to and from the airport by bus (to city center and to Ciampino airport), train to Termini Station or taxis. Airport facilities include: duty-free shop, car rental, ATMs, bank and foreign exchange office.

Rome - Ciampino (CIA) - located 15km (9 miles) from the city. Transportation to and from the airport by buses (to metro station Anagnina, to the city center or to Fiumicino airport) or taxis. Airport facilities include: duty-free shop, car rental, bank and foreign exchange office.

Pisa - Galileo Galilei (PSA) - located 1.6km (1 mile) north of the city. Transportation to and from the airport by trains and buses to the center of Florence. Airport facilities include: car rental, bank and foreign exchange office.

Milan - Malpensa (MXP) - located 45km (29 miles) northwest of the city. Transportation to and from the airport by train (to the center of Milan) or taxis. Airport facilities include: duty-free shop, car rental, bank and foreign exchange office.

Getting there by Water

There are numerous ferry services connecting Italy with other Mediterranean countries, including Greece, Albania, Montenegro, Croatia, France (Corsica), Malta, Turkey as well as Tunisia in North Africa. Main Italy ports are: Ancona, Brindisi, Naples and Venice.

Main ferry operators are: Ustica Lines, Superfast Ferries, SNAV, and Navigazione Libera del Golfo. Tickets are most expensive in summer, and some connections are only seasonal.

Getting there by Rail

Italy is very well connected with other European countries via rail network. Main connections include: France (Nice, Lyon, and Paris), Croatia (Zagreb), Austria (Vienna, Innsbruck and Villach), Switzerland (Geneva, Zurich), Germany (Munich, Stuttgart), Czech Republic (Prague), Hungary (Budapest), Serbia (Belgrade), Slovenia (Ljubljana), Spain (Barcelona).

Getting there by Road

Coach services are provided by Eurolines from several countries in Europe. Rome, Milan, Florence, Siena and Venice are the Italian destinations.

When driving to Italy, the most convenient border crossings are from France, Austria and Switzerland where there are no border checks.

Getting around by Train

Getting around by train is a good option for travelers in Italy. Tickets are, compared to the other European countries, relatively inexpensive and rail service operators (the main one is Trenitalia) provide a variety of train types and ticket classes to chose from. Better and more expensive train categories (like Eurostar Italia, TBiz ) are fast, comfortable and reliable.

Reservations are usually not necessary (with the exception of Eurostar trains), but advisable if you want to secure a seat; there may also be additional booking charge of approximately €3.

Getting around by Bus

There are numerous companies providing bus or coach services in Italy, both long-haul connections between cities and linkages between small villages (SITA is a major inter-city operator). Prices are comparable to trains, but mostly in the rural areas bus is the only option other than a car. Reservations are usually not necessary, but earlier booking is advisable on longer routes or during the high tourist season.

Getting around by Car

There is a large network of roads and good highways (autostradas) in Italy. The main north–south route is the Autostrada del Sole connecting Milan with Rome and Naples. Most of the autostradas are toll roads - paid by cash, credit card or prepaid card (Viacard; can be bought at gas stations).

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