Destinations > Africa > Tanzania

Tanzania Facts & Figures

Flag of Tanzania
Total area: 945,087 sq km (364,898 sq mi)
Population (2009 est.): 41,048,532
Capital (2003 est.): Dodoma - 164,500
Largest city (2003 est.): Dar es Salaam - 2,489,800
Languages: Swahili, English (both official); Arabic; other indegenous languages
Religion: mainland: Christian 30%, Islam 35%, indigenous 35%; Zanzibar: more than 99% Islam
Ethnicity:native African 99%, Asian, European, and Arab 1% on the mainland; Arab, native African, mixed in Zanzibar
Currency: Tanzanian shilling
Time zone: GMT+3 (no daylight saving time is observed)
Electricity: 230V AC (both 3 pin British and 3 pin "old" British/Indian plugs are used)

The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa, bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.

Northwest of the country is largely mountainous, and includes the great Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak at 5,893 m (19,334 ft) above sea level. The mountain is also a very popular trekking destination since it can be climbed relatively (to its hight) easy.

North and west of Tanzania are dominated by the lakes of Lake Victoria, which is Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, which is Africa's deepest lake (with estimated maximum depths of 1,470 m / 4,821 ft), known for its unique species of fish. The Kalambo Falls are located near the southern tip of Lake Tanganyika and are the second highest falls in Africa. The terrain in central Tanzania features a large plateau, with plains and arable land, that makes up most of the mainland area.

Tanzania includes the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, about 45km (28 mi) off the coast to the northeast of the country. Zanzibar has an autonomous status in many areas of governance including a separate legal system from the mainland Tanzania.

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