Destinations > Caribbean > Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago History

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago
 

Columbus landed on and named Trinidad in 1498, and Spaniards settled the island a century later. Spanish colonizers largely wiped out the original inhabitants--Arawak and Carib Indians--and the survivors were gradually assimilated. Although it attracted French, free black, and other non-Spanish settlers, Trinidad remained under Spanish rule until the British captured it in 1797. During the colonial period, Trinidad's economy relied on large sugar and cocoa plantations. Tobago's development was similar to other plantation islands in the Lesser Antilles and quite different from Trinidad. During the colonial period, French, Dutch, and British forces fought over possession of Tobago, and the island changed hands 22 times--more often than any other West Indies island. Britain took final possession of Tobago in 1803. The two islands of Trinidad and Tobago were incorporated into a single colony in 1888. Trinidad and Tobago achieved full independence in 1962 and joined the British Commonwealth. Trinidad and Tobago became a republic in 1976.

The people of Trinidad and Tobago are mainly of African or East Indian descent. Virtually all speak English. Small percentages also speak Hindi, French patois, and several other dialects. Trinidad has two major folk traditions: Creole and East Indian. Creole is a mixture of African elements with Spanish, French, and English colonial culture. Trinidad's East Indian culture came to the island beginning May 30, 1845 with the arrival of indentured servants brought to fill a labor shortage created by the emancipation of the African slaves in 1838. Most remained on the land, and they still dominate the agricultural sector, but many have become prominent in business and the professions. East Indians have retained much of their own way of life, including Hindu and Muslim religious festivals and practices.


Information by U.S. Department of State




Wired Tourist Articles

Playa Del Carmen, Mexico

Playa del Carmen in Mexico may be a bed of inland deserts with a drainage basin, but it is more to people who want to take a vacation and have a good time. It is located at the lower section of an inland desert drainage basin, which sometimes fills with alkaline and briny salts that wash down by the rain water from the surrounding highlands.

« read full article »

Australia's Top Ten Attractions

If you're planning a trip down under, try to visit some or all of these outstanding attractions. FRASER ISLAND - This, the largest sand island on the planet became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1992. Lush rainforests, impressive sand cliffs and memorable freshwater lakes leave a lasting impression on the thousands who visit the island each year. Apart from its long beaches of white, glistening sand, Fraser Island also draws people hoping to catch a glimpse of its famous dingo population.

« read full article »


Home | Travel Destinations | Travel News | Travel Directory | Volcano Tours | Gallery | Site Index | Contact WiredTourist.com
Follow us on   Follow us on YouTube  YouTube   Follow us on Flickr  Flickr   Follow us on Twitter  Twitter
©2009-2010 WiredTourist.com